Finance stability board issues global standard to end era of ‘too-big-to-fail banks’
The era of too-big-to-fail banks may soon end after the Financial Stability Board, created by the Group of 20 nations after the 2008 credit crunch, issued the final Total Loss-Absorbing Capacity (TLAC) standard for global systemically important banks (G-SIBs).
The TLAC standard has been designed so that failing G-SIBs will have sufficient loss-absorbing and recapitalisation capacity available in resolution for authorities to implement an orderly resolution that minimises impacts on financial stability, maintains the continuity of critical functions, and avoids exposing public funds to loss.
The TLAC standard defines a minimum requirement for the instruments and liabilities that should be readily available for bail-in within resolution at G-SIBs, but does not limit authorities’ powers under the applicable resolution law to expose other liabilities to loss through bail-in or the application of other resolution tools.
The FSB released for consultation a proposed standard on TLAC in November 2014 in consultation with the Basel Committee on Banking Supervision (BCBS). The final standard reflects changes made following the public consultation and comprehensive impact assessment studies.
Essential element for ending too-big-to-fail for banks
“The FSB has agreed a robust global standard so that G-SIBs can fail without placing the rest of the financial system or public funds at risk of loss,” says Mark Carney, Chair of the FSB.
“This new standard, which will be implemented in all FSB jurisdictions, is an essential element for ending too-big-to-fail for banks. The economic impact assessments conducted as part of the detailed policy work shows that the economic benefits of the final standard far outweigh the costs.”
G-SIBs will be required to meet the TLAC requirement alongside the minimum regulatory requirements set out in the Basel III framework. Specifically, they will be required to meet a Minimum TLAC requirement of at least 16% of the resolution group’s risk-weighted assets (TLAC RWA Minimum) as from 1 January 2019 and at least 18% as from 1 January 2022.
Minimum TLAC must also be at least 6% of the Basel III leverage ratio denominator (TLAC Leverage Ratio Exposure (LRE) Minimum) as from 1 January 2019, and at least 6.75% as from 1 January 2022.
G-SIBs headquartered in emerging market economies will be required to meet the 16% RWA and 6% LRE Minimum TLAC requirement no later than 1 January 2025, and the 18% RWA and 6.75% LRE Minimum TLAC requirement no later than 1 January 2028.
This conformance period will be accelerated if, in the next five years, corporate debt markets in these economies reach 55% of the emerging market economy’s GDP. The FSB will monitor implementation of the TLAC standard and will undertake a review of the technical implementation by the end of 2019.